BIM is set to revolutionize not only the planning and construction of buildings, but the entire process of urban planning. Alar Jost shares this firm belief. And this will range from an investment model to the relevant operating model, which is vital for the entire life cycle of a building.
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With cities as living and working environments set to become even more complex in the future, urban planners are going to require new technological tools and approaches. But are cities really prepared for this great leap forward?
Most cities are too old, too small, too cramped, too loud, not agile enough, and too wasteful of their resources. So cities have to prepare. Construction companies, urban planners, and architects will have to rethink if they want to keep pace with this explosive development and make cities fit for the future. Software developers and general contractors have already discovered the BIM market. Countries such as the US, the UK, the Netherlands, Norway, and Germany, as well as the EU at the supranational level, are lending political impetus to BIM with plans to adopt the methodology as standard in the years to come for publicly funded construction projects for buildings, tunnels, and transport infrastructure.
The possibilities of BIM are almost limitless in terms of urban planning. The key concept is that of smart cities: cities that, thanks to the availability of data, will have better management, administration, and utilities. To make these smart cities feasible in the first place, however, there has to be the realization that BIM must become the basis of urban planning of the future.
An example: In the future, old buildings in downtowns will have to be demolished or modernized more frequently to enable cities to cope with population growth and urbanization. Construction sites are a source of noise and dirt, and create major traffic problems that impede mobility. Therefore, construction will have to be done more quickly. That requires better data on the building site as a basis for more efficient planning and building. In Singapore, a city whose very survival depends on BIM because it has only limited geographic space available for future development and therefore has to plan very efficiently, owners and contractors already have to provide building data to a municipal server.
Global corporations such as Disney are also joining forces with prestigious universities to develop BIM in such a way as to generate improved data and information on specific aspects of construction. In the long term, using BIM as an urban planning tool will save construction firms delivering major turnkey projects a lot of work and money.
Jost is convinced that this development will happen much more quickly than we can currently imagine. And he believes that the main drivers will be companies and private clients who see BIM as a means of operating more profitably and cost-efficiently. In developing any plan for a community whether commercial, residential, agricultural, natural or recreational , urban planners must consider a wide array of issues including sustainability , existing and potential pollution , transport including potential congestion , crime , land values, economic development, social equity, zoning codes, and other legislation.
The importance of the urban planner is increasing in the 21st century, as modern society begins to face issues of increased population growth, climate change and unsustainable development. An urban planner could be considered a green collar professional.
Some researchers suggest that urban planners around the world work in different " planning cultures ", adapted to their local cities and cultures. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For actual development, see urbanization. For negative effects, see urban sprawl.
Further information: History of urban planning. Further information: Theories of urban planning. See also: Planning cultures. Further information: Technical aspects of urban planning. Further information: Urban planner. Architecture portal. Development studies Index of urban planning articles List of planned cities List of planning journals List of urban planners List of urban theorists Planning cultures Regional planning Rural development Smart city Urban economics Urban history Urban informatics Urban studies Urban planning in communist countries Urban density.
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Romania: New important amendments to Romanian construction and urban planning laws - Noerr LLP
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